Those eating one or more servings of raw broccoli a month (as opposed to less than one serving a month) reduced their chance of dying from bladder cancer by 57% and reduced the risk of dying from all causes by 45%.
Source: Tang L, Zirpoli GR, Guru K, Moysich KB, Zhang Y, Ambrosone CB, et al. Intake of Cruciferous Vegetables Modifies Bladder Cancer Survival. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2010 Jun 15.
People who had diet soda every day experience a 61% higher risk of vascular events, such as stroke, than those who reported drinking no soda. Previous studies have suggested a link between diet-soda consumption and the risk of metabolic syndrome and diabetes.
Source: American Stroke Association’s International Stroke Conference, Los Angeles
A small US study shows promising evidence that omega-3 fatty acids may be effective for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) in women experiencing the menopausal transition.
In addition to depression rating scale scores falling significantly among 19 peri- and postmenopausal women with MDD who took omega-3 fatty acids for 8 weeks, those who also experienced hot flashes before supplementation reported an improvement in the number of hot flashes per day.
Source: Menopause 2011; Advance online publication
Insulin, insulin-like growth factor 1, and insulin-like growth factor 2 signaling through the insulin receptor and the insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor can initiate tumor development, accounting to some extent for the link between diabetes, obesity, and cancer. Keeping blood sugar levels steady is a vital part of cancer prevention.
Source: Endocrine Practice. 2010;16(5):864-873
Children who consistently get 9 to 10 hours of sleep on both weekdays and weekends have the healthiest metabolic profile (less risk of obesity, less inflammation, better cholesterol levels).
Source: Spruyt K et al. Pediatrics 2011; 127:e345-52
60 000 cases of colorectal cancer and 85 000 cases of breast cancer could be prevented each year in North America just by universally maintaining vitamin D levels at or above 55 ng/ml.
Source: What is the Dose-Response Relationship between Vitamin D and Cancer Risk? Nutrition Reviews, Vol. 65, No. 8