Recommendations from the International Menopause Society (IMS) urge doctors to raise the topic of vaginal health with their postmenopausal patients. The recommendations follow recent research, concerning vaginal atrophy (VA), which is experienced by as many as 45 percent of postmenopausal women, only one in four of whom seek medical help. Risk factors for VA include smoking and never having given birth vaginally. Complications of VA include painful intercourse, increased risk of vaginal infection (vaginitis) and increased risk of urinary tract infections.
Source: International Menopause Society
Study results show that a pre-pregnancy diet low in fruit could increase the risk for having a baby small-for-gestational-age (SGA), while a diet high in green leafy vegetables could protect against this outcome.
Source: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2010
The use of inhaled corticosteroids, whether for asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), increases the likelihood of diabetes onset and diabetes progression. Current use of inhaled corticosteroids was associated with a significant 34% increase in the rate of diabetes and with a 34% increase in the rate of diabetes progression, according to the report.
Source: Am J Med. Posted online September 27, 2010.
Recent evidence indicates that healthy elderly subjects affected by Type 2 diabetes are twice as likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease.
Source: Aging Cell, Oct. 2010
Insulin resistance, a condition in which insulin produced by the body becomes less effective in reducing blood glucose levels, appears to be associated with an increased risk of stroke in individuals without diabetes.
Source: Arch Neurol. 2010;67:1195-1200
Overweight and obese individuals with Type 2 diabetes who participated in an intensive 4-year lifestyle intervention program that increased their fitness and physical activity not only lost weight but also experienced an improvement in their glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Researchers randomly assigned 3,942 adults to a control group or to the intensive lifestyle intervention group, which included prescribed restricted caloric intake, 175 minutes weekly of physical activity, and 3 sessions each year with counselors through the entire 4-year period.
Source: Obesity 2010: 28th Annual Scientific Meeting of The Obesity Society. [Presentation title: 4-Year Effects of a Lifestyle Intervention on Change in Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Results From the Look AHEAD Trial. Abstract 70-OR]
In patients who are obese, a low glycemic diet along with a supervised 12-week aerobic exercise regimen reduces morning hunger and increases satiety throughout the day, according to a study.
Source: Obesity 2010: 28th Annual Scientific Meeting of The Obesity Society. [Presentation title: Exercise Combined With a Low Glycemic Diet Enhances GLP-1 Regulation of Appetite in Obese Adults. Abstract 72-OR]
Supplementation with vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and folic acid may decrease brain atrophy associated with poor cognitive health.
Source: Homocysteine-Lowering by B Vitamins Slows the Rate of Accelerated Brain Atrophy in Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Trial. PLoS One. 2010 Sep 8;5(9). pii: e12244.
Berberine, plant alkaloid found in Hydrastis canadensis (goldenseal), Coptis chinensis (Coptis or goldenthread), Berberis aquifolium (Oregon grape), Berberis vulgaris (barberry), and Berberis aristata (tree turmeric) has been shown to lower elevated blood glucose as effectively as metformin.
Source: Metabolism. May 2008;57(5):712-717
A recent study has found that krill oil, when used in experimental models of rheumatoid arthritis, was shown to decrease the severity of various parameters and measurements of this disease.
Source: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2010, 11:136